@Book{ saugera2011,
    author = {Eric Saugera},
    translator = {Madeleine Velguth},
    title = {Reborn in America: French Exiles and Refugees in the United States and the Vine and Olive Adventure, 1815-1865},
    address = {Tuscaloosa},
    publisher = {University of Alabama Press},
    year = 2011,

See p. 120, as well as footnote 131, for information about Louis-Guillaume-Marie Cirode, a tawer from Nantes who immigrated to Kentucky in the 1810s, and who may be the William Cirode whom I think was patriarch of the Cirode Family.

Saugera mentions the “northern part of the state of Kentucky” as an attractive place for many French emigrants from Napoleonic France because of the Ohio valley’s “strategic link between Louisiana and French Canada in the days of New France” (p. 119). In addition to Cirode, Francois Dusouchet, “a veteran of General Leclerc’s expeditionary force in Saint-Domingue, opened a dancing school and a military academy” in Louisville in 1814, and there were also French emigrants around this time who settled in Louisville and the surrounding area.

Among them were “Joseph Neef, a discharged soldier who had fought under Bonaparte” and opened a Pestalozzi school in Lexington; Joseph Alphonse in Lexington; and Antoine Dumesnil, a silversmith (120).